Chocolate and Cocoa

A Chocolatey History

The word chocolate stems from two words in Nahuatl, chocolatl, meaning "hot water", and cacahuatl, which referred to a bitter drink made from cocoa.

Cocoa Bean

Hans Slaone is credited with the discovery of chocolate milk. A physician travelling to Jamaica witnessed them drinking the beverage. Jamaicans are believed to have been brewing hot milk and chocolate since 1494.

Chocolate has a long history of 4,000 years. Originating in ancient Mesoamerica, what i snow Mexico. The Olmec were the first to turn the Cocoa plant into chocolate. Used as a medicine and a drink for rituals. It was later praised by the Mayans as the drink of the gods.

It is unknown when chocolate came to europe, when it did, it was well recieved by the rich and wealthy in spain. It then spread from Spain and began to reach all of europe.

In 1828 the chocolate press was invented and revolutionized the production of the sweet treat. Once invented, the modern day world of chocolate was born.

Chocolate Drink

There have been multiple innovations to the production of chocolate other than the creation of the press. The longitudinal conche, which is responsible for removing a lot of the harshness and bitterness. Powdered milk, made it cheaper to manufacture and also reduced the harshness of the flavor. The cocoa butter press, to remove fat from the beans.

One of the biggest differences in chocolate today is the use of sugar. Sugar production has evolved and because there is very little moisture it is widely used to sweeten chocolate. It is no surprise the sweet treat is so addicting.

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Chocolate Drink

Chocolate is made from the kernels of fermented and roasted cocoa beans. The kernels are ground to form a pasty fluid chocolate liquor, which may be hardened in molds to form bitter (baking) chocolate, pressed to reduce the cocoa butter content and then pulverized to make cocoa powder, or mixed with sugar and additional cocoa butter to make sweet (eating) chocolate. The addition of dried or concentrated milk to sweet chocolate produces milk chocolate.

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